Company & Commercial Law

Andrew A. Martin

The fundamental principles of the law of meetings are sometimes over-looked in the modern climate of unanimous written shareholder resolutions, comprehensive retrospective ratifications, and the liberal application of the “Duomatic principle”. The decision in East Asia Company Limited -v- PT Satria Tirtatama Energindo in the Bermuda Court of Appeal provides a salutary reminder that the devil is always in the details.

Brian Holdipp

The Economic Substance Act 2018 (the “Economic Substance Act”) was tabled on 7 December 2018.

Background In November 2017, the Government of Bermuda made a commitment to the Code of Conduct Group (Business Taxation) (the “COCG”) of the Council of the EU to address concerns relating to economic substance. Bermuda agreed to pass legislation to implement any appropriate changes by 31 December 2018 to avoid being put on an EU list of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions.

Brian Holdipp
For a number of years, the international financial services sector has contributed the greatest amount to the Bermuda economy.  According to the National Economic Report published by the Ministry of Finance, international business provided $1.68 billion in total output or 27.3 per cent of total GDP in 2016. It is critical for Bermuda’s economic well-being then, that the Island remains in step with international standards set by supra-national regulatory authorities to protect the jurisdiction’s financial system from abuse.

Jeremy Leese
The Digital Asset Business Act 2018 (the “DAB Act”) became operative on 10th September 2018, creating a legislative framework for digital asset business and services to operate within a regulated environment in or from within Bermuda. Digital assets are defined as anything that exists in binary format and comes with the right to use it and includes a digital representation of value that: